What’s the Difference Between OEM, Tooling, and Prototype?


When you first start looking into the casting process, it can be an incredibly intimidating topic. There are so many different types of casts that it’s easy to get confused and overwhelmed. Luckily, casting is not as complicated as it seems at first glance. They all have their own unique purpose and usage in the production of a finished product. The three main types of casting you need to know about when working with metal are OEM tooling and prototype. 

Even if your knowledge of the terminology itself isn’t perfect just yet. Hopefully this article will clear up any confusion you may have about each one individually, as well as their individual uses in the casting process.

OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer)

Its literal translation is “Original Equipment Manufacturing.” In other words, OEM refers to the manufacturing by a manufacturer of goods under the brand of another company. A company that wants to sell its own brand of goods is the order source. And the manufacturer that can supply the necessary manufacturing technology is the consignee. 

The client’s brand is in charge of the oem die casting product’s planning and design. According to the plan, the manufacturer produces the oem die casting product, and the ordering company sells the finished goods under its own brand name or model number.


The Tooling is a term that has been used to refer to the process of supplying an industry or factory with the essential equipment and tools for a particular production process. Tooling is also known as machine tooling. When we talk about tooling. We’re referring to things like cutting tools, jigs, fixtures, gauges, molds, dies, and patterns, among other things. 

The particular production dictates the kinds of tools and machinery that are necessary for that production. It is dependent on the type, size, and other criteria of the operation. It is essential to have the appropriate tooling in order to complete work in the appropriate manner and maintain optimal levels of functioning. In the absence of appropriate tooling, the manufacturing process will function in an inefficient manner. 

Production volume, quality, lifespan, and cost are all directly impacted by any adjustments made to the tools used. For instance, the locking force that is applied to the cavity and the core is the same. However, the spur is built on the core, which means that the raw casting pieces are stuck to the surface of the core despite the fact that the cavity was polished extremely well. 

In order to ensure a successful tooling process, designers must be well-versed in die casting machines and aware of all the aspects that will affect their work.


Before mass production, a prototype is a test product created to see if there are any issues with the product or its design. There aren’t many prototypes made because it’s not mass production. And those that are made are put through internal testing and evaluation. 

There are various stages of prototyping, such as those in which designers and others assemble a small number of products to assess only the product’s form and functionality, as well as those in which products are manufactured under almost identical circumstances to those in mass production, decorated with paint, seals, and other decorations, and assessed concurrently with the production line. 

Five Vital Factors to Take into Account When Prototyping

The following five factors are typically identified as essential, though the significance of prototyping varies from time to time.

Security and safety

You must take into account that the products, from their creation to their use, are trustworthy and risk-free.


Function, appearance, usability, and other aspects of the product must be superior.

Take into account the product’s production costs.

Time of delivery

The time it takes for mass production to go from acquiring materials to commercialization.

Consideration of the environment

The significance of understanding the product’s environmental impact.

The opportunity to verify the design is one of the benefits offered by prototyping. This provides the opportunity to find design flaws before committing to production level tooling. Even though making a prototype of every design is not always necessary. It can sometimes be time and money efficient to do so. When a mistake in the design is uncovered late in the process, it usually costs more to fix. 

The impact can be seen in terms of costs and delays whenever tooling needs to be reworked or discarded because it is damaged. Reworking a die cast die, on the other hand, adds cost in the form of shorter die life and the possibility of undesirable quality implications. The use of the prototyping technologies available today can assist producers in avoiding these difficult circumstances.

Differences Between OEM, Tooling, and Prototyping

Oem die casting is highly versatile and practical because of the high process flexibility and adaptability of the die casting process, which allows for nearly unlimited sizes of liquid moulded parts. As a means of ensuring that the OEM die casting is structurally sound, we take into consideration, during the production of oem die casting, the rationality of the design in terms of the casting alloy and the characteristics of the casting process. This is done in order to ensure that the oem die casting is produced.

For prototyping, different casting procedures are used to create prototype castings. Which are pieces formed when liquid metal is poured into molds to create the casting. The production of these parts utilizes a wide variety of metals and alloys. Each of which can be selected for optimal performance based on the application of the component or item that is being manufactured.

In the process of tooling, molten alloy is pumped into cavities at very high pressure for very little time. Because of this, the working conditions of die casting tooling are particularly demanding. And the interior temperature of the tooling can change rapidly, both of which have a detrimental impact on the life duration of the tool. The life span of tooling often refers to the lifespan of the tooling when it is built and used in the appropriate manner.


An understanding of the casting process, including the equipment and techniques used, is helpful for anyone considering entering the die casting industry. Seeing how far technology has come may blow your mind and possibly inspire you to start a die casting business.

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