The gestational carrier process is a series of steps used to help an individual or couple have a baby, which they would otherwise be unable to have on their own. The steps may seem confusing and complex at first glance, however when you work with Rite Options you will not only learn a great deal about the process but also be supported along during this phase (should you decide to become a gestational carrier).
In gestational surrogacy, the eggs from the surrogate are not used. They are harvested from either a third-party egg donor or the intended mother and implanted into the gestational carrier.
Listed below are the general steps involved in the gestational carrier process:
Once you are matched with the intended parents, you will be expected to participate in a complete medical examination with a licensed fertility doctor. During the medical test, you will be requested to have an ultrasound or a sonohysterogram which closely examines the health of your uterus. This test enables the doctor to determine whether your uterus is capable of carrying a pregnancy to term. In case of fibroids, cysts or endometriosis is detected, the surrogacy process may be further delayed and or cancelled.
Other medical tests include a pap smear, mammogram and routine blood tests to rule out infectious diseases such as hepatitis, herpes and AIDS.
Gestational Surrogacy Preparation
If the results of the medical examination meet the fertility doctor’s standards, in vitro fertilization or IVF may begin. In IVF, the fertility doctor will administer a combination of oral and injected medications to synchronize the menstrual cycles of the gestational carrier and the intended mother. The medications will prepare your uterine lining for implantation. For the intended mother, the meds stimulate the release of eggs. You may also receive estrogen around the same time as the intended mother is ovulating.
In Vitro Fertilization
Prior to harvesting the eggs from the intended mother, you will be given progesterone hormone to prepare your uterus for implantation. Under sedation, the intended mother’s eggs are harvested through a process called aspiration which is guided by ultrasound. These eggs are handed over to the embryologist who will combine them with the sperm of the intended father. They are left in the laboratory for an incubation period of 3 to 5 days. In case embryos are formed (and the timing is suitable), fertilization occurs. The embryos are transferred into your uterus via a fine catheter. You will be awake during the course of this procedure. Guided by an ultrasound, the doctor will place the embryos into your uterus. After this procedure, you will be requested to remain in the lying position for a stipulated period of time.
Post Transfer Process
After the embryos transfer procedure, you will be advised to remain at rest at home for up to 72 hours. This is to ensure that the embryos have an opportunity to implant themselves into your uterine lining. After ten days have passed, you will be asked to provide a blood test to determine whether pregnancy has occurred. If the results are positive, you will be advised about hormones and medications that you will need to take. In addition, you may have to participate in blood tests to monitor the foetus’s health and development.
Around the 12-week mark, if the fertility considers your pregnancy to be stable, you will be referred to your own preferred obstetrician for the duration of the pregnancy and childbirth. During this process, you will undergo routine ultrasounds and hormone monitoring to assess the status of your pregnancy.
To learn more about the gestational carrier process, please get in touch with Rite Options.