Male infertility refers to any health issue for a man that can prevent his female partner from getting pregnant. Around 13 out of 100 couples cannot become pregnant without protecting their sexual relations. One of the most renowned fertility specialists in Jaipur and the director of the most reputable IVF center in Jaipur, Dr. Ruchi Bhandari, says that there are numerous causes for infertility among both genders. Therefore, Over one-third of infertility cases is because of the male infertility factor. This is typical because of issues with the production of sperm or delivery of sperm. However, Various male infertility treatments are available to treat infertility in males.
The following article will help you understand more about Male infertility treatment, Male infertility symptoms, and causes.
What are the Causes of Infertility in a Male?
Firstly, Male reproduction naturally relies on a variety of factors.
Secondly, A person must be capable of:
- Producing healthy sperm that could fertilize the egg.
- Get an erection and ejaculate, So that the sperm reaches the egg.
Lastly, If you have problems with one or the other point, it could indicate male infertility. Below are some main causes of male infertility.
Male infertility occurs most commonly due to problems with healthy sperm production. Sperm can be undeveloped or abnormally shaped or in a state of not being able to swim. In some cases, your body won’t be able to produce enough sperm. Numerous conditions, including those that cause this condition, could be the cause.
- Infections and inflammatory conditions. A prime example is an infection with the mumps virus following puberty.
- Pituitary gland or hormone issues.
- Immune disorders cause you to make antibodies to your sperm of yours.
- The environment and lifestyle can be a factor. This includes tobacco use and heavy alcohol consumption or marijuana, or exposure to toxic substances.
- Genetic disorders like cystic fibrosis and hemochromatosis.
Any obstruction to the genital tract may hinder the semen flow. It could be due to a gene or congenital disability. Inflammation or infection caused by an infection transmitted sexually can also cause semen to be blocked. Other causes are scar tissue that has been removed from surgery or the swollen, twisting veins that are present in the scrotum.
Moreover, other reasons could be premature ejaculation or erectile dysfunction. In Addition, kidney disease or liver problems, or treatment for seizures can result in infertility.
What are the Risk Factors for Male Infertility?
- Past prostate inflammation or previous genital infected
- The trauma the turning (torsion) or twisting of testicles
- Late puberty or early puberty
- Genitals exposed to extreme temperatures
- Hernia repair
- Testicles that are not descendent
There is a chance that you could be at risk of developing the disease if you use certain prescription medications. They include psoriasis, ulcers, depression, as well as hypertension.
What are the Symptoms of Infertility in Men?
Male infertility could be a problem If your female partner hasn’t had a child even after repeatedly trying for more than a year without using birth prevention methods. The healthcare professional will test both of you to identify the root of infertility.
The Signs and Symptoms You Might Notice:
- Issues with sexual function such as difficulties with ejaculation, or tiny quantities of fluid ejaculated decreased sexual desire, or difficulties keeping sexual Erection (erectile dysfunction)
- The swelling, pain, or a lump inside the area of the testicle
- Recurrent respiratory infections
- Incapacity to smell
- Abnormal breast growth (gynecomastia)
- A decrease in the body or facial hair, or any other sign of a hormonal or chromosomal abnormality
- Having a lower sperm count than is average (fewer than 15 million sperm for every millilitre of semen or under 39 million per semen)
What are the Methods for Diagnosing Male Infertility?
The doctor will look over your medical history and perform a physical examination. Tests for infertility among males could include:
- The number of sperm (semen study). A doctor will examine the sperm and the semen for various aspects. This includes how much semen your body produces and how uniform & acidic it is. Furthermore, They also consider the amount of sperm you produce, how easily they move, and their form.
- Blood Tests. Your doctor may recommend blood tests to determine the levels of hormones and to rule out possible issues.
- Other tests. Doctors may conduct these tests to determine the root of sperm deficiency or health issues in men’s reproductive systems. An ultrasound, for example, can be used to evaluate the structures in your scrotum, the blood vessels, and the testing scrotum.
- Testicular biopsy. If semen analysis indicates that you only have one or two sperm, or none at all, sperm, the doctor will take a tiny piece from the tissue (biopsy) from every testicle. A physician will examine the tissue under the microscope.
What are the Treatment Options for Male Infertility?
Sometimes, doctors are unable to pinpoint the root of the problem. Your doctor may suggest male infertility treatment, which can result in conception.
Male Infertility Treatments:
- Surgery. For instance, the varicocele can often be treated surgically, or an obstruction in the vas deferens is often able to be fixed. Previous vasectomies can be reversed. If there is no sperm present in the ejaculate area, sperm can always be obtained directly from the epididymis or testicles with the help of sperm retrieval methods.
- Treatment of diseases. Antibiotic treatment can treat an issue with the reproductive tract. As a result, It does not always work and bring back fertility.
- Therapies to treat problems with sexual relations. Medication or counselling can improve fertility for conditions like Erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation.
- Hormone treatment and medicines. If you have infertility because of low or high hormone levels. Therefore, Your doctor may recommend hormone replacement therapy or medication.
- Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART). The ART procedures require obtaining sperm via normal ejaculation procedures, surgical extraction, or donors depending on the specific situation and desires, and sperm is then placed through the female tract. Similarly, It can also be performed through In Vitro Fertilization or intracytoplasmic injecting sperm.
Also read – Female Hormone Imbalance: Causes And Treatments
What to Do When Male Infertility Treatment Fails?
First, when your doctors cannot solve male infertility issues in rare instances and man cannot become a father of a child. Then, your doctor might suggest looking into the use of donor sperm or adopting the child.
If you suspect that you’re infertile, then talk to your physician. Specific tests can tell you whether you suffer from fertility issues. If you can pinpoint the root of the problem, male infertility treatment options could include medications, surgical procedures, and assisted reproduction technology. With infertility treatment, many couples can have children.