Bleeding at the time of pregnancy is usual and directly proportional to the condition. There is nothing to worry about at all except for some bleeding. Read on this blog to know what some potential causes of bleeding during conceiving a baby are and ensure that both of your baby and you are healthy.
Bleeding during first trimester
A small percentages of women experience bleeding at the time of first trimester usually within 12-week of conceiving the baby! The causes of bleeding at this time comprise of:
After conceiving it is normal to experience spotting for next 6-12 days. It happens as fertilised egg places in uterus lining. Most women can’t understand that they are pregnancy mistaking it as light period. Bleeding is quite light and will last from a couple of hours to some days.
It is quite usual within first 12-week of conceiving the baby. First trimester bleeding becomes the biggest concern for this. But, it never means that there is miscarriage. In case, heartbeat captures on ultrasound, the bleeding is not of miscarriage for sure.
In case of ectopic pregnancy, fertilised embryo places external side of uterus usually in fallopian tube. As it continues developing it can cause life-threatening to mother by bursting the tube. Although it is dangerous yet it is very rare. It is detectable through some symptoms like lightheartedness and pain and string cramps in lower abdomen.
Being called as trophoblastic disease, this condition indicates the development of abnormal tissue in uterus instead of baby. Rarely, the tissue founds as cancerous and can easily transmit to all over the body.
Some other bleeding causes during early pregnancy are:
- Cervical changes
At the time of pregnancy additional blood circulates to cervix. Pap test or intercourse can trigger the problem. However, you have nothing to worry about it.
Any STI, vaginal or cervical infection like Herpes, Gonorrhoea and Chlamydia leads to bleeding during first trimester.
Bleeding during second and third trimesters
During late pregnancy, abnormal bleeding is severe and indicates the problem to both baby and mother. You must consult with the doctor on an earliest not if experience bleeding during third or second trimester.
Potential causes of bleeding at that time are:
It happens when placental lowly sits in uterus by covering birth canal completely or partially. It is quite rare found in third trimester. However, if you experience placenta previa with bleeding and no pain then you need immediate medical care.
Very rarely placenta separates from uterine wall at the time or before labour. As a result, a pool of blood forms in between uterus and placenta. It is quite dangerous for both baby and mother. Some other signs of it are back pain, uterine tenderness, vaginal clots and abdominal pain.
Any previous scar of C-section can open up during the pregnancy. It is life-threatening deeming for instant C-section. Uterine rupture indicates through abdominal tenderness and pain.
It is rare condition in which the blood vessels of the developing of trhe baby in placenta or umbilical cord cross opening of birth canal. Once the blood vessel tears open it can make the baby bleed severely and losing oxygen. Heavy bleeding and atypical foetal heart rate can also cause vasa previa.
If you bleed late during pregnancy it is the sign for delivery. Mucus which covers the uterus opening will start to come out a few weeks prior to delivery. The blood amount is quite little regard as bloody show.
If it starts 37th week of conceiving then doctor consultation is must as it is preterm labour. Other common indications of this condition are lower back pain, abdominal pressure, vaginal discharge and contractions.
Some other causes for bleeding during late pregnancy are:
- Vaginal or cervical injury
What you must do for abnormal bleeding at the time of pregnancy
Bleeding during any trimester is problematic hence you should consult with the doctor. Try to monitor the amount you bleed and observe the colour (clot, smooth, red, brown and pink). Carry the vaginal tissue you use to the doctor to analysis. Avoid using tampon or having sex during bleeding.
The doctor will recommend rest and avoiding of travel and strenuous exercise. You may need to undergo ultrasound for the identification of the underlying reason of bleeding. Full evaluation comprises of abdominal and vaginal ultrasounds.
Rush to the emergency room in case there is any sever issue or indications of miscarriage like
- Fainting or dizziness
- Fever of about 100.4oF
- Vaginal discharge
- Severe bleeding associated without or with pain
- Intense cramps or pain in abdomen
In case you feel something unusual then it is better to consult with the doctor for confirmation. Book appointment or consult with the private consultant gynaecologists in the UK to ensure that everything is fine and healthy so far!